April 19th. The date chosen to commemorate indigenous culture is also an opportune moment for reflection and criticism. Are there more advances or setbacks in Brazil’s indigenous policy? With the word, Rosilvaldo Ferreira da Silva, better known as Cacique Babau, leader of the Tupinambá community of Serra do Padeiro, located in the district of Olivenza, in the municipality of Ilhéus, and which houses more than 4,600 indigenous people.

He was the guest of the Institute of Collective Health to discuss health and other indigenous rights. Babau’s presence at ISC / UFBA came at a time of change, such as the near extinction of the Special Secretariat of Indigenous Health (Sesai), the transfer of the National Indian Foundation (Funai) to the Ministry of Women, Family and Rights. Human Rights, in addition to the migration of the competence to demarcate indigenous lands to the Ministry of Agriculture.