More than 16 million doses of the triple viral vaccine, which protects against measles, mumps and rubella, have been sent by the Ministry of Health across the country. Of this total, 6.5 million went to the municipalities of São Paulo, as the state concentrates almost 100% of measles cases recorded in the last 90 days, according to data from the agency. There were 1,220 occurrences in São Paulo, four in Rio de Janeiro, one in Bahia (Salvador) and one in Paraná. The incidence rate of the disease was 0.58 per 100 thousand inhabitants.
The vaccines sent meet the routine immunization provided for in the National Vaccination Calendar and measles outbreak situations. Bahia, Rio Janeiro and Paraná received, together, 8.2 million doses.
The ministry points out that the vaccine is the main means of prevention of measles, mumps and rubella. Brazil has not recorded any indigenous (country-acquired) measles cases since 2000. Between 2013 and 2015, two outbreaks of the disease occurred from imported cases in the states of Ceará and Pernambuco, with 1,310 cases. Outbreaks were controlled with measures of vaccine blockade.
So far, given the current epidemiological scenario of measles, additional vaccination campaigns against the disease are not planned. They are being made in areas where the virus is currently circulating.
“It is noteworthy, however, that even in outbreak situations, routine vaccination is maintained in the SUS [National Health System] service network, as indicated by the National Vaccination Calendar and that vaccination services are encouraged. to seek their unvaccinated population for the proper update, ”the agency said in a statement.
Currently, 53 cities in four Brazilian states – São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Bahia and Paraná – remain active.