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The Institute of Collective Health (ISC) at the Federal University of Bahia (UFBA) is an advanced training centre which seeks to develop an innovative perspective in teaching in collective health. Its flexible management model is organized into integrated research and technical cooperation programmes. This matrix structure provides interdisciplinarity and permanent links with faculty, researchers, and professionals from various units at UFBA and institutions, such as non-governmental organisations, state and municipal health departments, ministries, national and international health organizations and a wide range of research centres in Brazil and other countries.

Aims

  • To train faculty, researchers and technical staff in collective health;
  • Produce knowledge in the scientific and technological field of collective health from its fundamental disciplinary strands: epidemiology, health planning and management and social sciences in health;
  • Encourage projects that generate and apply technology and technical cooperation in the areas of interest of collective health;
  • Improve education in collective health on undergraduate courses in health.

Currículo Institucional (PT-BR)

Curriculum Institucional (ESP)

Institucional Curriculum (ENG)

Plano Diretor 2014-2023

Institutional Design

ISC has a matrix structure based on integrated research, teaching and technical cooperation programmes, involving faculty, researchers and undergraduate and graduate students. Institutional management is exercised by a committee which includes the College Board coordinators responsible for academic activities and other managers from the unit. In terms of management, the institute’s aim is the search for agility, levity and flexibility. Intermediate activities are executed by a shared institutional support structure, coordinated by administrative management for programmes and projects.

ADMINISTRATION

  • Coordinator of the Graduate Activities College Board
    Luis Eugenio Portela Fernandes de Souza
  • Deputy Coordinator of the Graduate Activities College Board
    Marcelo Pfeiffer Castellanos
  • Coordinator of the Undergraduate Activities College Board
    Rosana Aquino Guimarães Pereira
  • Deputy Coordinator of the Undergraduate Activities College Board
    Monique Azevedo Esperidião
  • Director
    Isabela Cardoso de Matos Pinto
  • Deputy Director
    Darci Neves dos Santos
  • Coordinator of the Scientific Technical Council
    Rosana Aquino Guimarães Pereira
  • Head of the Collective Health Department I
    Ana Luiza Queiroz Vilasbôas
  • Deputy Head of the Collective Health Department I
    Darci Neves dos Santos
  • Representatives on the UFBA Academic Teaching Council
    Cristiane Abdon Nunes (holder)
    Litza Andrade Cunha (substitute)
  • Representatives on the UFBA Research and Extension Academic Board
    Mariluce Karla Bomfim de Souza (holder)
    Clarice Santos Mota (substitute)
  • Representatives of ISC employees
    Sônia Malheiros, Italva Macedo, Maria Christina de Souza and Maria Oliveira

COMMITTEE

  • Director
    Isabela Cardoso de Matos Pinto
  • Deputy Director
    Darci Neves dos Santos
  • Scientific Technical Council
    Rosana Aquino Guimarães Pereira
  • Integrated Programme of Research and Technical Cooperation in Environmental and Workers’ Health – PISAT
    Vilma Souza Santana
  • Integrated Programme of Research and Technical Cooperation in Economics, Technology and Innovation in Health – PECS
    Luis Eugenio Portela Fernandes de Souza
  • Integrated Programme in Epidemiology and Evaluating Impacts on Populations’ Health
    Susan Martins Pereira
  • Integrated Programme of Research and Technical Cooperation in Planning, Management & Evaluation in Health
    Jairnilson Silva Paim and Lígia Maria Vieira da Silva
  • Integrated Programme of Research and Technical Cooperation in Teaching and Sanitary Surveillance – PROVISA
    Ediná Alves Costa
  • Integrated Programme of Research and Technical Cooperation in Gender and Health – MUSA
    Estela Maria Motta Lima Leão de Aquino
  • Integrated Programme of Research and Technical Cooperation in Community, Family and Health – FA-SA
    Leny Alves Bomfim Trad
  • Integrated Programme of Research and Technical Cooperation in Training and Evaluating Primary Care (GRAB)
    Maria Guadalupe Medina
  • Student Representatives on the Committee
    – Undergraduate: Catarina Santos Leite (holder)
    – Graduate: Aline Palmeira (holder), Letícia Azevedo (holder), Tiago Bahia (substitute) and Emmy Paixão (substitute)
  • Representatives of ISC employees on the Committee
    Maria Oliveira (substitute) and Italva Macedo (holder)

COMPOSITION OF THE GRADUATE PROGRAMME IN COLLECTIVE HEALTH COLLEGE BOARD

  • Coordinator
    Luis Eugenio Portela Fernandes de Souza
  • Deputy Coordinator
    Maria Guadalupe Medina
  • Coordinator of the Professional Master’s Programme in Collective Health
    Maria Guadalupe Medina
  • Members:
    Eduardo Luiz Andrade Mota
    Jorge Alberto Bernstein Iriart
    Marcelo Pfeiffer Castellanos
    Maria Guadalupe Medina
    Maria Inês Costa Dourado
    Mônica de Oliveira Nunes
  • Student Representatives:
    Mariana Ramos Pitta Lima (Doctorate holder)
    Janaina Braga de Paiva (Master’s holder)
    Grey Yuliet Ceballos Garcia (Master’s substitute)
    Andrea Lougbecker (Doctorate substitute)

COMPOSITION OF THE UNDERGRADUATE COURSE IN COLLECTIVE HEALTH COLLEGE BOARD

  • Coordinator
    Ana Cristina Souto
  • Deputy Coordinator
    Monique Azevedo Esperidião
  • Members:
    Ana Cristina Souto
    Catharina Leite Matos Soares
    Liliana Santos
    Litza Andrade Cunha
    Monique Azevedo Esperidião
    Sheila Maria Alvim de Matos
  • Student Representatives:
    Caique de Moura Costa (holder)
    Priscila Lima Oliveira (holder)
    Letícia Gomes de Souza (substitute)
    Monica Sacramento Souza  (substitute)
  • Technical-Administrative Representative:
    Diego de Oliveira Cerqueira

History

The contemporary proposal of constructing a new paradigm for investigations into health and a new sanitary practice in the context of a society in crisis and in transition at the end of the 20th century, formed the “concrete utopia” where the creation of the Institute of Collective Health at UFBA is placed.

The origins of ISC lie in the experience of teaching, research and extension programmes developed during 20 years at the Department of Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine (FAMED), UFBA. The need for an “organizational, political and institutional leap” which allowed the full exercise of activities, including investigation, training personnel and inter-institutional technical cooperation was established in this process, linked to the process of political, organizational and operational transformations of the Brazilian health system, particularly in the northeast of the country and Bahia in particular.

The process of establishing ISC involved a group of university leaders, counting on support from representatives from the sanitary movement on a national level, generating the production of proposals which were successively approved in all the decision-making bodies at UFBA, and culminating in its recognition by the National Council of Education in May 1995.

The Field of Collective Health

Collective health is an expression which allocates a field of knowledge and health related practices as a social phenomenon and, therefore, of public interest. The origins of the movement forming this field dates back to the theoretical and political work undertaken by faculty and researchers from departments at universities and public health schools in Latin America and Brazil, especially in the last twenty years.

Criticism of successive health reform movements, originating in Europe and the United States, such as those in public health and hygiene, preventive medicine, community medicine, family medicine and primary health care progressively shaped the subject under investigation and collective health practices, comprising the following dimensions:

  • The population’s state of health: the health of specific population groups and general trends from an epidemiological, demographic, social, economic and cultural point of view;
  • Health services: covering the study of the work process in health, investigations about the social organization of services and formulating and implementing health policies, evaluating plans, programmes and the technology used in health care;
  • Knowledge of health: including historic, sociological, anthropological and epistemological investigations about knowledge production in this field and the relation between “scientific” knowledge and popular conceptions and practices on health, influenced by traditions, beliefs and culture in general.

The collective health movement

The theoretical and empirical work in the field of collective health, performed at academic institutions, gave support to a political movement that started in the mid-1970s on the health crisis, within the context of the struggles to democratize the country. This movement spread to study centres, professional associations, trade unions and community and religious organizations and political parties, contributing to formulating and executing a number of changes identified as Brazilian Sanitary Reform.

This movement’s proposals include a profound modification in the concept of health and its understanding as a right of citizenship and duty of the state. It postulated changes in the management, organizational and operational model of the health service system, in training and qualifying personnel in the sector, scientific and technological development in this area and, principally, the levels of sanitary awareness and critical and creative participation by various social actors in the process of redirecting economic and social policies in the country, with a view to improving living standards and reducing social inequalities.

From the point of view of KNOWLEDGE, collective health is linked to an interdisciplinary tripod comprising epidemiology, administration and planning in health and social sciences in health, with a transdisciplinary focus which involves auxiliary subjects, such as demography, statistics, ecology, geography, anthropology, economics, sociology, history and political science, among others.
While with PRACTICE, collective health proposes a new way of organizing the work process in health which accentuates promoting health, preventing risks and grievances, redirecting assistance for the sick and improving quality of life, favouring changes in lifestyles and relations between those involved in taking care of the population’s health.

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