With information from the Ministry of Health
The prevalence of obesity is growing again in Brazil, according to the Ministry of Health Survey of Risk Factors and Protection for Chronic Diseases by Telephone Survey (Vigitel), 2018, which showed an increase of 67%. , 8% in the last thirteen years, going from 11,8% in 2006 to 19,8% in 2018. Brazil in the last three years had stable rate of the disease. Since 2015, the prevalence of obesity has remained at 18.9%.
In 2018, the data also pointed out that the growth of obesity was higher among adults aged 25-34 and 35-44, with 84.2% and 81.1%, respectively. Although overweight is more common among men, in 2018, women had slightly higher obesity, with 20.7%, compared to men, 18.7%.
Vigitel also recorded considerable overweight growth among the Brazilian population. In Brazil, more than half of the population, 55.7% are overweight. An increase of 30.8% when compared to a percentage of 42.6% in the year 2006. The increase in prevalence was higher among the age groups of 18 to 24 years, with 55.7%. When sex is verified, men show growth of 21.7% and women 40%.
Against the increase in the percentage of obesity and overweight, regular consumption of fruits and vegetables grew 15.5% between 2008 and 2018, from 20% to 23.1%. The practice of physical activity in free time also increased 25.7% (2009 to 2018), as the consumption of soft drinks and sugary drinks fell 53.4% (from 2007 to 2018), among adults in the capitals. Also by informing that they received the medical diagnosis of diabetes (40%), between 2006 and 2018, the interviewees demonstrated greater knowledge about their health, which motivated them to seek health services in Primary Care, receive the diagnosis and start the treatment.
“We have a greater increase in obesity due to the very high consumption of ultra-processed, high fat and high sugar foods. So encouraging the consumption of vegetables among children and adults is critical. There is a change in behavior, It is also up to us, the management, to expand the incentive to consume healthier foods and also to promote the local economy, with the consumption of vegetables. The closer to home I buy the food, the healthier it is, and fresher I will consume it, “said the Secretary of Health Surveillance of the Ministry of Health, Wanderson Oliveira.
To assess obesity and overweight, the research takes into account the Body Mass Index (BMI). Through it, it is possible to classify an individual in relation to his own weight, as well as know of metabolic complications and other health risks.
Vigitel is a telephone survey conducted over the age of 18, in 26 state capitals and the Federal District, on various health-related subjects. Thus, between February and December 2018, 52,395 people were interviewed by telephone.