Foto: Rovena Rosa/Agência Brasil

With information from Agência Brasil

Brazil is expected to register about 625 thousand new cases of cancer per year from 2020 to 2022. The estimate was released yesterday (4) by the National Cancer Institute (Inca). Only among the children and adolescents population, 8,460 new cases are expected per year in the same period.

The publication “Estimation of Cancer Incidence in Brazil” shows that non-melanoma skin cancer should remain the most incident, with the expectation of 177 thousand new cases per year. Next, he has prostate breast cancer, with 66 thousand cases each; colon and rectum, with 41 thousand cases; trachea, bronchus and lung, with 30 thousand; and stomach, with 21 thousand.

According to Inca, Brazil presents a decline in the types of cancer associated with unfavorable socioeconomic conditions. In some regions, however, occurrences persist. This is the case of cervical cancer in the Northern Region. While in Brazil this type of disease is in third place, in the incidence among women, disregarding non-melanoma skin cancer, in the North it is the second most incident, behind breast cancer only.

According to the Inca, one in three cancer cases could be prevented by reducing or eliminating risk factors, such as smoking and obesity. Physical activities, care with exposure to the sun and healthy eating with fresh fruits, vegetables and vegetables, avoiding ultra-processed foods, can also help prevent cancer.

Increase in estimate

The estimate for the next three years has increased in relation to the last projection, when 600 thousand new cases were expected per year in 2018 and 2019.

The first publication is made for the triennium. Before, the projection was calculated every two years. The change was due to the availability of more reliable information.

The institute also calculated the incidence of the disease for children and adolescents. According to the institute, the highest incidence can occur among boys, with 4,310 new cases per year. Among girls, 4,150 new cases should be registered. The incidence is expected to be higher in the South Region, followed by the Southeast, Midwest, Northeast and North regions.

According to the Inca, the cut for the younger population allows improving public health and disease control actions in this public. If diagnosed early and treated in specialized centers, 80% of children and adolescents can be cured.